Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 5th International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry & Natural Products Melbourne, Australia.

Day 1 :

  • Track 1:Pharmacognosy | Track 9:Natural Products of Medicinal Interest | Track 13:Plant Biotechnology and Tissue Culture | Track 8: Ethnopharmacology

Session Introduction

Dilip Ghosh

Soho Flordis International, Australia

Title: KeenMind®: Clinically proven natural medicine for cognitive health
Speaker
Biography:

Dilip Ghosh has received his PhD in Biomedical Science from University of Calcutta, India. Previously, he held positions in Organon (India) Ltd.; HortResearch, New Zealand; USDA-ARS, HNRCA at Tufts University, Boston; The Smart Foods Centre, & Neptune Bio-Innovation Pty. Ltd., Australia. He is an international speaker, facilitator and author. He is a fellow of American College of Nutrition, professional member of AIFST, and also he is the Editorial Board Member of several journals. He has published more than 70 papers in peer reviewed journals, numerous articles in food and nutrition magazines and 4 books under CRC Press, USA.

Abstract:

The brain is a complex organ that neuroscientists are still attempting to understand. As people live longer, dysfunction of the brain is becoming a predominant issue for the healthcare system. Cognitive decline, particularly in elderly people, often derives from the interaction between age-related changes and age-related diseases, and covers a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Epidemiological evidence supports the hypothesis that modifiable lifestyle-related factors are associated with cognitive decline, opening new avenues. Due to the multifactorial nature, the role of nutrition in cognitive neuroscience is complex. The concern is not simply with the impact of a single chemical on the brain but with multiple nutrients, metabolites and interacting factors. Numerous nutraceutical combinations have entered the international market through exploration of ethno-pharmacological claims made by different traditional practices without robust quality, safety and efficacy proof. The role of clinically proven natural products in brain health is urgently needed and few products have addressed this need. KeenMind®(www.keenmind.info), a standardised extract (CDRI08) made from an Indian Ayurvedic herb, Bacopa monnieri, with numerous randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies demonstrates benefits for enhancing memory retention and recall, improving mental clarity and focus, as well as assisting learning, concentration and attention. KeenMind is very useful to facilitate learning and concentration, particularly in children and students. Two ongoing RCT studies in Australia explore the effect of KeenMind in modulating brain ageing, cardiovascular system, improving cognition in the elderly and ameliorating the symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity in children. This can be used for mature and elderly individuals to aid memory and reduce decline in mental performance. KeenMind supplementation can be an ideal choice for those with intellectually demanding jobs or those who are under pressure.

  • KeenMind is a clinically proven natural medicines supported by 6 RCTs
  • Complete seed to patient journey is standardized
  • KeenMind is the result of over 40 years of research
  • KeenMind is well tolerated and no effect on stomach
  • Presence globally

Speaker
Biography:

Prue Kearney is completing the final submission of her PhD thesis at the age of 30 years from The University of Queensland. She has published a paper in Veterinary Parasitology, a key journal of her field of research. She has trained delegates from Malaysia in techniques and methodologies for the management of intestinal parasites as a component of strategical goat farm management in developing farming systems. She has spent seven years as an academic at The University of Queensland teaching the next generation of students goat husbandry, parasitology and health management

Abstract:

The discovery of anti-parasitic benefits of olive leaf for goats infected with intestinal parasites: olive leaf was screened for anti-parasitic activity to a major intestinal nematode that infects goats, often causing mortality, Haemonchus contortus. Intestinal parasites are arguably the biggest constraint to goat production internationally. Chemcial drugs are no longer the sustainable solution to controlling nematode infections due to drug resistance. Instead management plans are recommended to be tailor-made to individual goat farms utilizing the toolbox of strategies available. The use of plants and their medicinal compounds is an important component of this toolbox. Olive leaf extract was isolated as a novel plant for screening against goat nematodes, having shown medicinal activity in human medicine. The use of in vitro bioassays determined anti-parasitic activity to the larval stages of H. contortus. Consequently, during a preference test research trial, goats were offered a choice between olive leaf and wheaten chaffs. The goats exhibited an ability to learn the anti-parasitic ability of olive leaf. They increased their consumption of olive leaf in response to infection with H. contortus. They decreased their consumption of olive leaf following the termination of infection. This evidence of self-medication is valuable to goat farmers, particularly to those seeking to make use of the pharmacological capabilities of plants and highlights there remains much to discover in natures pharmacy. As more plants are screened, those endemic to particular regions can be isolated for anti-parasitic benefits and incorporated as a sustainable worm management strategy for goat farmers.

Speaker
Biography:

Cikra is the director of academic in Academy of Pharmacy Mitra Sehat Mandiri, concern in Biology of Pharmacy research and have a community herbalism in Java Island.

Abstract:

Tin Fruit (Ficus carica) is one of famous fruit in Indonesia. The antibacterial and citotoxicity test of pure compounds of Ficus carica, which was collected from Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia have been done.  Isolation and purification of the crude extracts and the pure compounds were carried out using several chromatographic techniques.  The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods such as UV, IR, 1D (1H, 13C, DEPT) and 2D (COSY, HMQC, HMBC) NMR and MS. Four compounds, identified as β-sitosterol (1), 6-(2- methoxy-Z-vinyl)-7-methyl-pyranocoumarin (2) and 9,19- cycloarlane triterpenoid (3) were isolated from this plant. These compounds were screened for their antibacterial and cytotoxicity activities. The significant antibacterial activity were shown by compounds and against Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis bacteria also Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium murinum in high concentration. Meanwhile, the screening for cytotoxicity using SRB assay on MCF-7, SKOV3, HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines for these compounds revealed the percentage of cells survival at doses 15 μg/ml were higher than 50 %.

Speaker
Biography:

Ishmih Nurul Roudhoh Usman (20th) is an undergraduated student from Faculty of Pharmacy, University Moeslim Indonesia. She is one of lecturer assistant in Phytochemistry Laboratory in University Moeslim Indonesia. This paper is her second article wich have been worked up with DIKTI (Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia). 

Abstract:

Diabetes is the world's oldest diseases, diabetes is associated with the metabolism of glucose in the blood. Medically, the notion of diabetes mellitus aspect extends to a series of symptoms that arise in a person caused by an increase in blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) due to lack of insulin. The development of diabetes mellitus treatment has been done, one of them is the use of natural materials and the development of traditional medicine that is more minimal side effects as antidiabetic drugs through the mechanism of inhibition of α-glucosidase enzyme and antioxidant (DPPH radical reduction). One of the local plants (endemic) that can be developed as an antidiabetic drug candidate is Cemba plants (Acacia rugata (Lam.) Fawc. Rendle).
Cemba (Acacia rugata (Lam.) Fawc. Rendle) one of the rare and endemic plants in South Sulawesi precisely in Enrekang. Community Enrekang leaves Cemba (Acacia rugata (Lam.) Fawc. Rendle) is used as an herb that is also believed to neutralize the fat from the meat so it does not cause hypertension and cholesterol, so that the potential of this plant is very large for the treatment of hypertension or hyperglycemia (diabetes mellitus),This research is expected to help determine the biological activity of methanol extract of leaves Cemba (Acacia rugata (Lam.) Fawc. Rendle) as an antidiabetic and the mechanism through inhibition of α-glucosidase enzymes and antioxidants.

Speaker
Biography:

Elisabeth Natalia Barung was born in Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, Indonesia on December 25th, 1967. She completed bachelor degree on Pharmacy Dept. Hasanuddin University and a master degree on Faculty of Medicine at Gadjah Mada University in 2002. She is lecturer in Pharmacy Department, Health Polytechnic Manado since 2003 and do research in the fields of pharmaceuticals and pharmacology, especially of traditional medicine and medicinal dosage formulations. Several studies have been published in last 5 years either through journals or by oral / poster at the national and international seminar, including preparation of medicines and cosmetics formulation from natural materials and examine its pharmacological effects.

 

Abstract:

Erythrina lithosperma Miq. leaves have been used as a traditional medicine to reduce fever. This study aimed to examine the antipyretic effect of Erythrina lithosperma Miq. leaves infusion on rats (Rattus norvegicus). This was a laboratory research with Pre and Post Test With Control Group design. The sample used was Erythrina lithosperma Miq.. leaves. Rats were febrile by injecting 20% ​​peptone solution intraperitoneally and expressed fever if the temperature rise was 1.5 °C from the initial temperature. The test was performed on selected white rats of 15 rats divided into 3 treatment groups: negative control group, positive control group, and Erythrina lithosperma Miq. leaves infusion group in which each group consisted of 5 rats. Temperature measurement was taken every 1 hour for 4 hours (t1, t2, t3, t4) after treatment. The data of rats body temperature  analyzed descriptively and statistically by One Way Anova test. The results showed that Erythrina lithosperma Miq. leaves infusion had antipyretic effect on white rat (Rattus norvegicus) although not statistically significant. 

Speaker
Biography:

Dr Joyce Govinden Soulange has completed her PhD from the University of Mauritius and postdoctoral studies from University of Liege, Belgium. She is presently an Associate Professor in Biotechnology at the University of Mauritius and is currently supervising four doctoral students in the area of Natural Products Research . She has authored more that 30 publications in the field of Medicinal Plant Research. 

Abstract:

Mauritius Island is endowed with a rich and diverse endemic flora comprising 315 endemic plants species most of which are known in the traditional pharmacopoeia. Although, the endemic floristic wealth of Mauritius represents a reservoir of new biologically active ingredients most species have not been scientifically validated for their bioactivities. Sideroxylon species and Diosyros species have been traditionally used for the treatment of microbial infections and minor ailments. The present study describes the phytomedicinal profile of these species and their bioactivity are unveiled through their antioxidant and antibacterial assays. Diospyros chrysophyllos exhibited the highest amount of phenolics (221 mg galllic acid equivalent /g and Diospyros boutoniana exhibited strong reducing power (946.22 mmol Fe2+/g extract). Promising antibacterial activity was noted with Sideroxylon puberulum and D. boutoniana (minimum inhibitory concentration of 39.06 and 78.125mg/ml) respectively. These results endorse the phytochemical and bioactive richness of Disopyros species endemic to Mauritius and reveal their potential for pharmacological exploitation. The genetic diversity of selected Sideroxylon species is also described to endorse their uniqueness as Mauritian endemic bioresources, as result we noted that the Mauritian endemic Sideroxylon species are genetically related to Argan oil tree.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Raphael N. Alolga holds a PhD in Pharmacognosy from the China Pharmaceutical University. He obtained both his Bachelor of Pharmacy and Master of Science degrees in Pharmaceutical Analysis & Quality Control from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, West Africa. His research interests include Pharmacokinetic investigations, Quality evaluations and Standardization of herbal medicines (Analytical and Pharmacological), Microbiomics, Metabolomics etc. He is currently an Assistant Professor of Pharmacognosy at the China Pharmaceutical University. He has several publications to his credit in reputed scientific journals.

Abstract:

Berberine is one of the world’s most widely used natural products. It has gained recognition as a drug in many Asian and African countries, and also as a dietary supplement in many other countries. However, pharmacokinetic (PK) comparisons of berberine in different racial/ethnic groups are lacking. Our study compared the PK differences of berberine in 20 healthy male Africans and Chinese and investigated the possible underlying mechanisms for the racial differences. The plasma levels of berberine after oral administration were monitored for 12 hours by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry. The Cmax and AUC in the Africans were 2.67- and 2.0-fold higher than the Chinese respectively. Microbiotal compositions by 16S rRNA pyrosequencing showed higher abundance of the genera Prevotella, Bacteroides, and Megamonas (34.22, 13.88, and 10.68%, respectively) in the Chinese than the Africans (30.08, 9.43, and 0.48%, respectively). Scatter plot showed a strong negative correlation between the microbiotal abundance and the berberine AUC, especially for the genus Prevotella (r = -0.813) and its species.  To confirm the effects of microbiota on the PK of berberine, we compared the metabolic capacities of microbiota between the two races. A more extensive metabolism was observed in Chinese with 1.83-fold higher metabolites, possibly contributing to the lower AUC than the Africans. In conclusion, significant PK differences were observed between Africans and Chinese, which is partly attributable to variations in gut microbiota and its corresponding metabolic capacity. Our findings are of clinical significance in the design of individualized dosage regimen based on differential microbiotal compositions.

Speaker
Biography:

Ming-Kuem Lin has completed his Ph.D. from National Chung-Hsing University and postdoctoral studies from University of California in Davis. He has published more than 25 papers in peer-reviewed journals.

Abstract:

Scutellaria baicalensis (Huánɡ-Qín) is a common herb in traditional Chinese medicine. Previous studies showed that extract from S. baicalensis has antimicrobial, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the active immune modulating compounds in S. baicalensis still remain unknown. In this study, four flavone compounds FL2, FL4, FL5, and FL7 were purified from S. baicalensis and used to examine their immune-modulatory effect using the LPS-induced dendritic cell-based model in vitro and 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced contact hypersensitivity response mouse model in vivo. We found that TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12p70 secretion by dendritic cells were suppressed by FL2, FL4, and FL5. Expressions of surface marker CD80, CD86, and MHC II on dendritic cells were reduced by FL2 and FL5, which also showed non-cytotoxic activity. Furthermore, ear thickness and CD3+ cell number of the tested ears of the experimental mice were significantly decreased by applying 50 mg of FL2. These results showed that flavones FL2 and FL5 from S. baicalensis has an immunosuppressive effect on dendritic cells. In vitro dendritic cells maturation and in vivo delayed type hypersensitivity response were both inhibited by FL2, indicating that FL2 has a potent capability to treat hyper-inflammatory and dendritic cell-associated immune disorders.

Speaker
Biography:

Professor Azza El-Medany has completed her PhD at age of 32 years from Alexandria University and postdoctoral studies from Alexandria University College of Medicine. She is a Prof. of pharmacology &Vice head of department of pharmacology, College of Medicine , KSU. She published more than 40 papers in the areas of GIT, CVS, Natural products & toxicological researches in reputed journals and serving as a memberships of a number of Professional Bodies, was a speaker in a number of international conferences, the last ones in Singapore , Japan , Brazil & USA, Malysia . She is a recipient of special awards in scientific research & teaching

Abstract:

The limited ability of current treatments to control metastasis and the proposed antitumor pracurcumin , the active ingredient from the spice turmeric on the development of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) –induced mammary tumors in female rats. A thirty female rats were divided into normal control (10rats ) . Carcinogenic rats ( 20 rats) in which a single I.P. dose of MNU 50mg/kg was injected. Two weeks after the rats divided into two groups each of 10 rats. Control carcinogenic rats & treated group with curcumin in a dose of 160mg/kg orally daily . After 24 weeks the rats were killed tumors excised & processed. Curcumin reduced the incidence of MNU- induced mammary tumors & tumor,s numbers by 58.2% & tumor burden by 50.5%. The tumor weights/rat was decreased by 35% .In addition 40% of carcinogenic rats developed ulcerated tumors, in contrast to 10% in treated rats. Curcumin significantly elevated GSH & reduced the elevations of MDA, TNF-α, TGF-β& COX2 in mammary carcinomatous tissues. In addition , curcumin tended to normalize back the histological changes retrieved in carcinomatous cells induced by MNU. These findings suggest that that curcumin significantly reduced the incidence & growth of MNU-induced mammary tumors & has strong potential therapeutic regimen for inhibiting & treating cancer breast.

Speaker
Biography:

Govindasamy Agoramoorthy is Distinguished Research Professor at College of Pharmacy and Health Care, Tajen University, Taiwan. His research includes multidisciplinary aspects of health sciences. He has carried out field research in Asia, Africa, and South America over three decades. He serves in the advisory board of several international agencies and academic journals. Between 1989 and 1993, he served as Visiting Scientist at Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. He is currently serving as Research Advisor at SVYASA Yoga University in India. Professor Agoramoorthy authored 25 books, 60 book chapters, and 250 scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals with impact factor. 

Abstract:

India has a vast coast line covering over 7,500 km and numerous plants occur along the coastal region. The coastal plants usually include the mangroves and halophytes and they are found in salty coastal habitats. Some of the coastal plants are widely used to treat a wide range of human diseases inflicted by bacteria, fungi and virus. This study analyzed the antioxidant potentials in the commonly-occurring salt-tolerant plants along the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu state, southern India. We analyzed 13 plants that include Arthrocnemum indicum, Suaeda monoica, S. maritima, Sesuvium portulacastrum, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Avicennia officinalis, Bruguiera cylindrica, Ceriops decandra, Rhizophora apiculata, R. mucronata, Aegiceras corniculatum, Excoecaria agallocha and Acanthus ilicifolius and determined the total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity. The total polyphenol content ranged from 23.5 to 384.2 mg/g dry weight and the highest free radical scavenging activity was found in E. agallocha (30.3 μg/mL). Moreover, higher DPPH radical scavenging activity was also found in species such as B. cylindrica (42.9 μg/mL), C. decandra (51.9 μg/mL), R. apiculata (64.9 μg/mL), A. corniculatum (74.3 μg/mL), R. mucronata (79.7 μg/ mL) and I. pes-caprae (83.7 μg/mL), respectively. The results indicate that India's mangrove plants have the potential in scavenging free radicals and can be a vital source of antioxidant phytochemicals.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Sharad Srivastava is Principal Scientist in Pharmacognosy Division at CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute; Lucknow, INDIA. He has made significant contributions to quality control of crude drugs/products, chemotaxonomy, bio-prospection and natural product development and have developed quality parameters of single crude drugs (more than 70 medicinal plants) and also identified biomarkers for their quality control. He has contributed 30 monographs of single herbal drugs in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. He has 125 publications in peer reviewed journals, 16 patents and developed some technologies/formulations, few has already been transferred to industry.

Abstract:

Accurate plant identification and right quality plant material from best location of different phyto-geographical zones is the foundation of effective usage of plant based natural health products in pharmaceutical industry. Herbal drug technology is used for converting botanical materials into medicines, where standardization and quality control with proper integration of modern scientific techniques and traditional knowledge is important. The use of chromatographic techniques and marker compounds to standardize botanical preparations has proven industrial usage for commercial exploitation of medicinal diversity, their variable sources and chemical complexity. This has huge opportunity in the area of drug development and discovery, where variation in metabolite content plays an important role. A Chemotypic fingerprinting and related technique provides an optimal characterization of botanical materials. This present contribution provides an overview and a brief account of various such studies conducted that are useful in identifying best location of right material from different phyto-geographical zones of India.

Speaker
Biography:

Professor Azza El-Medany has completed her PhD at age of 32 years from Alexandria University and postdoctoral studies from Alexandria University College of Medicine. She is a Prof. of pharmacology &Vice head of department of pharmacology, College of Medicine , KSU. She published more than 40 papers in the areas of GIT, CVS, Natural products & toxicological researches in reputed journals and serving as a memberships of a number of Professional Bodies, was a speaker in a number of international conferences, the last ones in Singapore , Japan , Brazil & USA, Malysia . She is a recipient of special awards in scientific research & teaching.

Abstract:

Green tea , is a beverage that is popular worldwide. Polyphenols in green tea have been receiving attention for the maintenance of human health . The contribution of antioxidant activity in preventing diseases caused by oxidative stress has been focused upon. Lung fibrosis is a common side effect of the chemotherapeutic agent, bleomycin. Current evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species may play a key role in the development of lung fibrosis. The present work studied the effect of green tea extract on bleomycin–induced lung fibrosis in rats. Animals were divided into three groups: (1) Saline control group; (2) bleomycin group in which rats were injected with bleomycin (15mg/kg,i.p.) three times a week for four weeks; (3) bleomycin and green tea group in which green tea extract was given to rats (100mg/kg/day, p.o) a week prior to bleomycin and daily during bleomycin injections for 4 weeks until the end of the experiment. Bleomycin–induced pulmonary injury and lung fibrosis that was indicated by increased lung hydroxyproline content, elevated nitric oxide synthase, myeoloperoxidase (MPO), platelet activating factor (PAF), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF_α ), transforming growth factor 1β ( TGF1β ) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in lung tissues. On the other hand, bleomycin induced a reduction in reduced glutathione concentration (GSH). Moreover, bleomycin resulted in a severe histological changes in lung tissues revealed as lymphocytes and neutrophils infiltration, increased collagen deposition and fibrosis. Co-administration of bleomycin and green tea extract reduced bleomycin–induced lung injury as evaluated by the significant reduction in hydroxyproline content, nitric oxide synthase activity, levels of MPO, PAF & TNF-α & ACE in lung tissues. Furthermore. green tea extract ameliorated bleomycin– induced reduction in GSH concentration. Finally, histological evidences supported the ability of green tea extract to attenuate bleomycin–induced lung fibrosis and consolidation. Thus, the finding of the present study provide that green tea may serve as a novel target for potential therapeutic treatment of lung fibrosis.

Speaker
Biography:

Ms. Ankita Misra is working as a Research Associate in Pharmacognosy Division at CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute; Lucknow, INDIA. She is working in the area of analytical chemistry on medicinal plants, chemotaxonomy, bio-prospection and natural product development, handling major analytical instruments including HPLC, HPTLC, OPLC and column chromatography for quality control of herbal drugs. She has 18 publications in peer reviewed journals and 1 patent is also to her credit.

Abstract:

G. superba L., (Colchicaceae) is a highly valued medicinal plant due to its high colchicine content, used in both traditional and modern system of medicine. Colchicine, a major chemical marker in this species and the content varies from 0.7 to 0.9 %. The present study aims for HPTLC quantification (% dry wt.) of alkaloid (colchicine and gloriosine) and poly phenolic markers (kaempferol and quercetin) in G. superba through validated method. The  antioxidant potential of test extract(s) was evaluated and further correlated with its metabolites content. 17 germplasm was collected from different sites, morphotypic variation was not observed within them although the content of bioactive metabolites varies significantly. Maximum content of colchicine and gloriosine was reported in NBG-10 (Kanth, U.P) and NBG- 11 (Mohanlalganj, U.P) having 0.513 and 0.165% which was not reported earlier in Indian population. Quercetin and kaempferol content varies from 0.0007 to 0.122 % and 0.005 to 0.075 %, maximum is reported in NBG-13 (Bheragha, M.P) germplasm. Polyphenolics in test extract(s) reflect the promising antioxidant activity with significant correlation to TPC and TFC. Hence, seven germplasm were found as elite chemotypes of G. superba (NBG-1, NBG-10, NBG-11, NBG-12, NBG-13, NBG-14 and NBG-17) in the targeted phyto-geography based on bioactive metabolites and in vitro bioassay. This aids in identification of chemical variation existing within the species inhabiting in the same phytogeographic conditions, to locate the high yielding germplasm source and for promotion of commercial cultivation to meet out industrial demand. 

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Sunita Shailajan is Head, Department of Botany, Incharge, Herbal Research Lab and Animal Testing Centre at Ramnarain Ruia College affiliated to University of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Her specialization is standardization of medicinal plants and ASU formulations, instrumentation (HPTLC and HPLC), analytical and bioanalytical method validation and toxicological, pharmacological and pharmacokinetic studies. She has more than 100 scientific publications and made presentations in various National and International conferences in India and overseas. She has been working as a Principal Investigator for Government funded projects and has been appointed as a reviewer for various National and International high repute journals.

Abstract:

Dendrobium fimbriatum Hooker. is an important orchid found in north-east India. It is used by the locals as traditional medicine in resetting of fractured bones and possesses antioxidant activity. It has been reported to possess constituents like rhein, fimbriatone, etc. However, there is a dearth of scientific data on its phytochemical and pharmacological evaluation.
Thus, on the basis of published reports, the present study was aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of hydroalcoholic extract of Dendrobium fimbriatum stem in CCl4 intoxicated albino Wistar rats. The quality of the plant material was assessed and individual plant parts were evaluated for the presence of active markers; ursolic acid, β-sitosterol and lupeol using a validated HPTLC and HPLC method. Safety of the plant extract was established in albino Swiss mice following the OECD guidelines no. 420 and it was found to be safe up to an oral dose of 2000 mg /kg body weight. Hepatoprotective activity of the extract of Dendrobium fimbriatum stem was studied at three doses in terms of various biochemical parameters and histopathology. The results were compared with a known herbal drug, Silymarin. Oral administration of the extract of Dendrobium fimbriatum stem showed hepatoprotective activity in a dose-dependent manner and the results were at par with the positive control Silymarin.
The results of histopathological observation were also found to be in compliance with the findings of biochemical parameters analysis suggesting the possible use of Dendrobium fimbriatum as hepatoprotective agent and forms baseline for future pharmacological investigations.

Speaker
Biography:

Ikpefan Emmanuel Oise is currently in the last phase of his Ph.D research work at the University of Benin, Benin City,Nigeria and he is currently a lecturer in the Department of Pharmacognosy &Traditional Medicine, Delta State University, Abraka where he has been acting as the coordinator of the department since 2014. He has published more than 15 papers in reputed journals.

Abstract:

Bioassay guided fractionation of the methanol extract of  Euphorbia graminea against  breast cancer (MCF-7), lung cancer (NCI-H460) and NIH 3T3 (mouse embryonic fibroblast normal cell line) at 1-250 µg/mL was carried out. Extracts of E. graminea was partitioned into aqueous and chloroform fractions and both fractions were tested for their effects on MCF-7 and NCI-H460. Further chromatographic and biological studies of the active chloroform fraction yielded a compound whose identity was revealed as Abietane-11, 23 diene-16-oic-14-ones through NMR and MS studies. This compound was observed to give –3.3 ± 1.4 and –5.30 ± 3.75 % cytotoxicity against MCF-7 and NCI-H460 at 100 µM with GI50 and TGI of +38 ± 0.74, 96.94±6.95 µM and 53.70±9.30 and 93.88± 11.70 µM respectively. The results has established the rationale for the use in  ethnomedicinal practice.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Rambir Singh completed his Ph.D. in Biomedical Sciences from University of Delhi, India in 2004. After completing Ph.D., he joined Bundelkhand University, Jhansi Uttar Pradesh, India as Assistant Professor in Biochemistry where currently he is working as Associate Professor in Biomedical Sciences. He is teaching metabolomics and metabolic disorders, biochemical techniques and natural plant product based drug discovery at undergraduate and postgraduate level. He is working in the research area of ‘Bioactive molecules from Ayurvedic medicinal plants, Health effects of Probiotics and Amelioration of xenobiotc induced toxicity. Currently his research focus is on Antidiabetic, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant activity of medicinal plants and probiotics

Abstract:

Carissa carandas (CC) has been documented as a traditional treatment for diabetes. In the present study, the CC fruit aqueous, methanol, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts were examined for hypoglycemic activity in healthy Wistar rats. Aqueous Extract of CC (AECC) showed highest fall of 67.08% in fasting blood glucose from 0 to 1h in glucose tolerance test (GTT). The ED50 of AECC was 300mg/kgbw in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Treatment of diabetic rats with ED50 of AECC for 28 days significantly reduced post prandial glucose (PPG) by 33.65% (p<0.01), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) by 45.79% (p<0.01) and increased insulin level by 69.7% (p<0.05). The increase in insulin secretion may be partly responsible for antidiabetic effect of AECC. To assess the mechanism of secretagogues activity, AECC was incubated with isolated pancreatic islets of Wistar rats at basal (3.3mM) and high (16.7mM) level of glucose in presence or absence of Diazoxide (K-ATP channel opener), Nimodipine (Ca2+ Channel blocker) and Calphostin-C (PKC inhibitor). AECC induced insulin secretion at 16.7mM of glucose was significantly (p<0.01) reduced by Diazoxide and Nimodipine but non significantly (p>0.05) by Calphostin-C. The study indicated that the phytochemicals present in AECC may be inducing insulin secretion by closing K-ATP channels in β-cells of pancreatic islets.

Speaker
Biography:

Mayuresh Joshi has been pursuing Ph.D in Botany under the guidance of Dr. Sunita Shailajan, HOD, Department of Botany, Ramnarain Ruia College. He is working on evidence based evaluation of hepatoprotective potential of the mangrove, Avicennia marina. He has attended/ presented more than thirty conferences/ seminars/ workshops in the last four years and has published four papers in peer reviewed Journals. He is also an assistant professor at Department of Botany, Ramnarain Ruia College.

Abstract:

Avicennia marina, a pioneering mangrove, reported to be traditionally used against hepatitis, still remains therapeutically unexploited. Investigators have reported several constituents from the plant with prospective medicinal value as chemotherapeutic agents like betulinic acid, taraxerol, etc, but scientific data on its pharmacological usage remains unavailable. Many phytoconstituents found present in this plant have been reported to possess hepatoprotective activity.

In this study, hepatoprotective activity of standardized ethyl acetate extract of leaves has been evaluated. Chromatographic standardization was carried out using validated HPTLC method for simultaneous estimation of five biomarkers namely betulin, betulinic acid, ursolic acid, betasitosterol and lupeol. Safety was established in albino Wistar rats following the OECD guidelines no. 420. Hepatoprotective activity (50, 150 and 300 mg/kg) was investigated in CCl4 intoxicated albino Wistar rats. The results proved concentration dependent percent protection at par with the positive control, Silybon 70. CCl4 produced a marked elevation in the level of plasma biomarkers which were reversed to normalcy by the oral administration of the extract. The results of histopathology were also found to be in compliance with the findings of blood biochemistry. The extract also showed potent antioxidant activity in DPPH and galvinoxyl radical scavenging models.

Further, an HPLC method was developed and validated (USFDA) to study the pharmacokinetics of betulinic acid and ursolic acid (Cmax at 0.20 h and 2.0 h, respectively) from rat plasma. These observations endorse an overall promising hepatoprotective potential against liver disorders using standardized ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Avicennia marina.

Speaker
Biography:

Amsalu Degu Defersha  has completed his MSc  at the age of 24 years from Addis Ababa University. He is the a lecturrers and reseracher  of Ambo University College of Health Sciences.  He has published more than 15 papers in reputed journals

Abstract:

Background: Traditional healers in Ethiopia use a wide range of medicinal plants with antidiarrheal properties. Among these, Croton macrostachyus is one such plant claimed to have an antidiarrheal activity in Ethiopian folklore medicine. Previous studies showed that the crude extract is endowed with the claimed property. The present study was undertaken to further the claim by screening different fractions for the said activity so that it could serve as a basis for subsequent studies.

Methods: The fractions were obtained by successive extraction in soxhlet apparatus with solvents of different polarity (chloroform & methanol) followed by cold maceration of the deposit of the methanol fraction with distilled water. The antidiarrheal activity was evaluated using castor oil induced diarrheal model, charcoal meal test and anti-enteropooling test in mice. The test groups received various doses (300, 400, 500 mg/kg and an additional dose of 1000 mg/kg for the aqueous fraction) of the fractions, whereas positive controls received either Loperamide (3 mg/kg) or Atropine (5 mg/kg) and negative controls received vehicle (10 ml/kg).

Results: In the castor oil induced model, the chloroform (at all test doses) and methanol (at 400 & 500 mg/kg) fractions significantly delayed diarrheal onset, decreased stool frequency and weight of feces. The aqueous fraction was however devoid of significant effect at all the tested doses. Chloroform and methanol fractions produced a significant dose dependent decline in the weight and volume of intestinal contents while the aqueous fraction did not have a significant effect. All the fractions produced a significant anti-motility effect either at all doses (chloroform fraction) or at middle and higher doses (methanol and aqueous fractions).

Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the chloroform and methanol fractions possessed significant anti-diarrheal activity. Nevertheless, the aqueous fraction showed only significant anti-motility effect at the higher dose (1000 mg/kg) employed in the study.

Biography:

Aschalew Tamiru work in a clinical trial center in Ethiopia, Leishmaniasis Reseach and Treatment Center in the University of Gondar. He completed his MSC in pharmacology at age of 28 at University of Gondar Ethiopia. Currently he is the head of the pharmacy in the clinical trial center and lecturer at University of Gondar.  He has participated in different clinical trials and have received a certificate of recognition. Moreover, He has recently published his work and 2 papers are under review for publication.  He is having a plan of studying medicinal plants of his birth place Ethiopia and he is interested in studying Ethino-pharmacology.  

Abstract:

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease that is fatal if left untreated. The disease is found in 70 countries with incidence of 0.2 to 0.4 million cases. The mainstay of treatment in resource limited countries is antimonials, while use of liposomal amphotericin B is reserved for treatment of complicated VL. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of liposomal amphotericin B in HIV negative VL patients diagnosed with complications.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted involving records of patients admitted between January 2009 and December 2014. Baseline sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment outcome data were collected. The doses of liposomal amphotericin B and adverse events related to treatment were retrieved. Categorical and continuous variables respectively were analyzed by Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.  

Results: A total of 147 patients were treated with liposomal amphotericin B in total dose ranges of 20mg/kg to 35mg/kg. Initial cure rate at high dose (24-35mg/kg total dose) was 96.7% (59/61) versus 80.2% (69/86) at lower doses (<24mg/kg); which was significantly higher (P< 0.01), OR=4.56: 95%, Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.17 – 20.78).  Ten cases (11.8%) of treatment failure occurred in the low dose treatment group. The most common adverse events (AEs) were hypokalemia in 39 cases (26.5%) and infusion related reactions in 16 (10.9%). Hypokalemia and infusion related reactions were not significantly different between the low and high dose liposomal amphotericin B.

Conclusion: In HIV negative complicated VL patients, high dose of liposomal amphotericin B was found to have high cure rate at the end of treatment. Monitoring serum potassium level during treatment with liposomal amphotericin B should be an essential component of the clinical management of VL.     

Jadhav Umeshchandra Shivajirao

Gourishankar Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, India

Title: Stability Testing Of Botanicals: An Exploratory Study
Speaker
Biography:

Mr. Jadhav U.S.  has completed his M.Pharm in year 2006  from Bharati Vidyapeeth deemed University Pune, Maharashtra India .He has 10 years of experience in the field of research and academic, he specialized in phytochemical screening, isolation and chemical  analysis  of medicinal plants and ayurvedic formulations. He has well versed with Standardization of herbal drugs and Raw materials, Natural Compounds Isolation, Separation, Purification Identification, and Chromatographic Profiling of plant derived compounds, stability studies of herbal drugs.  He is Expertise in handling sophisticated instruments such as HPTLC, GC, FTIR, GC/ MS, HPLC, and Spectrophotometer. He is Very much interested in the isolation of active phyto constituents and screening of biological activities. Mr.Jadhav Worked under various research projects as an assistant research fellow funded by DBT, DST New Delhi. 

Abstract:

The role of herbal as drugs, neutraceuticals and dietary supplements is gaining popularity. There have been several examples of poor quality of this products.The formulation and development of botanicals is challenging due to their complex physical and chemical properties. Stability study of herbal is important as instability modifies three important attributes of product i.e. quality, safety and efficacy. Botanicals mentioned under Ayurveda are receiving attention globally. Scientifically validated and technologically standardized botanicals are currently needed for global market. Emblica officinalis is mentioned under Ayurveda as a Rasayana drug and is present in many formulations. In recent years, much success has been obtained in documentation, ensuring contaminants limits, safety and standardization. However, the stability testing has not been adequately addressed. The present study was done as per W.H.O and ICH guidance with the following objectives.

Objectives:

1. To develop the analytical method for Gallic acid estimation using HPTLC and validation as per ICH guidelines. 2. To elucidate the physical, chemical, pharmaceutical and biological attributes of the Amla extract with respect to real and accelerated storage conditions.3.To establish shelf life of spray dried amla extract with respect to storage conditions and retest periods.

Methodology:

Mobile phase optimization: Mobile phase consisting of toluene: ethyl acetate: formic acid: in ratio of (4.0: 5.5: 0.5, v/v/v/v) was optimized and good resolution with Rf value of 0.36 ± 0.02 for Gallic acid was obtained when densitometry scanning was performed at 277 nm.

Method validation: The optimized method validated as per ICH guidelines. 

Results:

Pharmaceutical properties were measured i.e. particle size and flow, extract showed poor free flowing properties and very moisture sensitive. It showed significant change in physical (moisture content 4%-7% at real with respect to 4 % -11% at accelerated) Significant change in form was also observed at real time (clumps) and accelerated (cake) at end of six months.

 In conclusion, extract when stored at real time showed significant change in physical (moisture content, form) and chemical (peak areas at Rf 0.47) and pharmaceutical (flow and compressibility) properties on 6 months storage. In accelerated conditions, these changes were seen at 1-3 months of storage. Biological stability of extract was studied using DPPH assay.

Conclusion: No significant change in activity was found at 6 months storage at room and accelerated storage This suggests that extract retest period should be within 6 months and proper storage conditions needs to be optimized with respect to container and temperature

Shamim Ahmad

Aligarh Muslim University, India

Title: HONEY IN MEDICINE :Past ,Present and Future
Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Shamim Ahmad is Distinguished Professor of Microbiology & Officer In-Charge at Microbiology Section , Institute of Ophthalmology ,JN Medical College ,Faculty of Medicine , Aligarh Muslim University,India. He has recently been working as Superintendent of Examinations of the Faculty of Medicine, Officer In-Charge(Administration),Manager ,Blind School and many administrative positions at Aligarh beside having served as Faculty on deputation for more than 5 years at Faculties of Medicine abroad. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 1982 and obtained his Post Doc. training in various Departments of Microbiology at the Universities of world repute in six countries, being recipient of at least 6 International Fellowships. Professor Ahmad's research work mainly involved Multi resistant Eye Pathogens including Super Bugs MRSAs and their alternative treatment with newer antibacterial and innovative natural products especially the "Honey". He has published many papers at National and International conferences having being visited about 25 countries for his academic purpose. Currently, Prof. Ahmad is honored to be member in the Editorial team including Chief Editor of at least 64 International Journals of world repute.

Abstract:

In view of the world wide prevalence and alarming increase in the antibiotic resistance among multi-resistant clinical bacteria and superbugs , a search for an effective alternate antibacterial natural agent like Honey is urgently required .Honey in the past has occupied a prominent place in traditional medicines throughout world history. The Noble Holy Quran and many Prophetic narrations have also referred honey as a great healer of diseases. Honey was used to treat the infected wounds as long as 2000 years before the bacteria were discovered. Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine have been using honey as a vital medicine for centuries. Presently, Branded Manuka Honey and many commercial products being possessing antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant medicinal properties have now flooded world market and shown to be highly effective for the treatment of many wound infections, burns, sore throat, psoriasis, gastrointestinal disorders, arthritis, eczema, dental carries , stomach aches , flu like symptoms, corneal ulcers.Beside, a number of bacterial & fungal infections are testimony to the natural use of honey in modern era of Medicine. Recently, a large number of workers have explored Honey’s miracles in Ophthalmology , Dentistry, Surgery, Plastic Surgery , Paediatrics , Dermatology ,Gynaecology , and Gastroenterology . A long term in vitro and in vivo researches on antibacterial and curative effects of Honey even on Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus –MRSA from Eye patients in UK along with treatment trials in dry eye syndromes in human beings provides potential prospects and scope of Honey as an alternate antibacterial option in various fields of Medince in future to fight with the most difficult resistant bacterial pathogens.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr O.M, Ighodaro is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Biochemistry, Lead City University, with research interest in Biochemical Toxicology and Medicinal Plant Research. His research drive is primarily to curtail mortality and health complications that result from herbal toxicity and wrong use of herbs in treatments of ailments/diseases in Africa. He has investigated a number of plants traditionally acclaimed to possess medicinal properties in a bid to appropriately advise and orientate individuals and communities on their proper usage. His ultimate goal is to possibly isolate new drug materials with relatively better therapeutic characteristics and less or allowable side chemistry from natural sources such as plants

Abstract:

The antioxidant potential of Sapium ellipticum (SE) leaf extract against CCl4-induced reactive species in vivo was examined in adult female Wister rats. Toxicity was induced in the animals via a single intraperitoneal (i.p) dose of CCl4 (20% 2mL/Kg of body weight, BW). SE extract was orally administered twice daily for 28 days at 8 h interval (400 and 800 mg/kg BW) to different groups of CCl4-treated animals. Its effects were measured against known antioxidants, Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and L-Ascorbic acid (L-AA). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-s-transferase (GST), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) were analyzed in the post mitochondrial fractions (PFM) of the liver and kidney of rats. The level of tissue protein, reduced glutathione (GSH) and Malondialdehyde (MDA) was also estimated. The data obtained showed that SE elicited its antioxidant functionality mainly through anti-peroxidation effect and promotion of superoxide dismutase and catalase activities. The extract significantly (p ˂ 0.05) lowered the degree of peroxidation (76.7 %) and improved the activities of superoxide dismutase (51.2 %) and catalase (43.5 %) relative to the CCl4-untreated group. However, its ability to improve endogenous GSH level as well as GST and GPx activities was poor. Overall, SE leaf extract appears to have the phyto -proficiency to protect against membrane peroxidation and to improve the functions of some first line antioxidant enzymes in vivo in the face of overwhelming reactive species. This postulation is substantiated by the identification of antioxidant compounds like α-tocopherol, amentoflavone, lupeol and Luteolin-7-O-glucoside in the active fractions of SE through HPLC-MS technique.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Shamim Ahmad is Distinguished Professor of Microbiology & Officer In-Charge at Microbiology Section , Institute of Ophthalmology ,JN Medical College ,Faculty of Medicine , Aligarh Muslim University,India. He has recently been working as Superintendent of Examinations of the Faculty of Medicine, Officer In-Charge(Administration),Manager ,Blind School and many administrative positions at Aligarh beside having served as Faculty on deputation for more than 5 years at Faculties of Medicine abroad. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 1982 and obtained his Post Doc. training in various Departments of Microbiology at the Universities of world repute in six countries, being recipient of at least 6 International Fellowships. Professor Ahmad's research work mainly involved Multi resistant Eye Pathogens including Super Bugs MRSAs and their alternative treatment with newer antibacterial and innovative natural products especially the "Honey". He has published many papers at National and International conferences having being visited about 25 countries for his academic purpose. Currently, Prof. Ahmad is honored to be member in the Editorial team including Chief Editor of at least 64 International Journals of world repute.

Abstract:

Excessive and injudicious use of antibiotics has aggravated the problem of increased alarming antibiotic- resistance all over the world thus , proper selection of antibiotics for the prevention of any possible postoperative infection including Endophthalmitis after intra ocular surgery remains a challenge for clinicians including Ophthalmologists.The present study aims at studying before and after use of topical two new fourth generation floroquinolones viz. (Moxifloxacin 0.5% and Besifloxacin 0.6%) on conjunctival flora among as much as 100 North Indian population undergoing various intraocular surgeries as prophylactic agents. Patients with hypersensitivity to these antibiotics were excluded from this study. Out of all total 100 eyes of 100 patients under study, only 27 conjunctival swabs, showed positive bacterial growth preoperatively (16 in Moxifloxacin group and 11 in Besifloxacin group). After use of topical antibiotics for 10 days, no conjunctival swabs collected postoperatively exhibited positive bacterial growth in both the groups. Both the fluoroquinolones seemed to be highly effective in our in-vitro sensitivity tests conducted against the bacterial isolates obtained from the patients undergoing various intraocular surgeries as they inhibited the growth of all bacterial strains isolated from conjunctiva. Both the antibiotics were found to be 100% effective as prophylactic agents in patients undergoing intraocular surgeries. In spite of medical literature reports of emergence of resistance against widely used Moxifloxacin , no bacterial strain isolated in our study showed resistance to Moxifloxacin. Similarly, it remained effective in the Moxifloxacin receiving group as suggested by negative bacterial cultures taken 20 and 40 days postoperatively revealing the antibacterial efficacy of both topical drugs against conjunctival commensals in the study to be comparable (100%). The long term efficacy of the drugs in preventing early and late postoperative infection was also equal. Further, on comparing the activity against the bacterial isolates no significant difference was observed. Thus, these antibiotics can be safely used in ophthalmology as effective antibacterial prophylactic agents among the eye patients undergoing various intraocular surgeries.

Roshanak Salari

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Title: Evaluating the clinical efficacy of Guggulu resin on constipation
Biography:

Prof, Roshanak Salari  has completed her PhD in drug quality control at the age of 28 years from school of pharmacy, Mashhad university of medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran. She is the research deputy of School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. She has published more than 15 papers in reputed journals. 

Abstract:

Chronic constipation is one of the most common complaints in clinical assessments. Regarding various problems caused by chronic constipation, numerous treatment methods have been proposed. Traditional and complementary medicine can be used to manage many functional disorders. Persian medicine has considered 15 reasons for constipation. One of the drugs in Persian medicine with laxative effects is Guggulu (Commiphora mukul) resin. Regarding to the supporting approach of World Health Organization to traditional medicine and the increasing popularity of traditional medicines and herbal remedies, the clinical effects of Guggulu on functional constipation is evaluated in this study. This controlled clinical trial study was carried out in outpatients with functional constipation based on the ROME III. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. The first group was given oral administration of lactulose syrup daily at a laxative dose for one month, and the second group Guggulu  resin 3 g daily in 3 divided doses for one month. Intensity and frequency of constipation were assessed before, mid and at the end of the intervention period, and one month after termination of intervention. In this study, the effect of Guggulu resin on the intensity and frequency of constipation was investigated. There was no significant difference in the intensity and frequency of constipation between the two groups at baseline (P=0.755). In second week, although constipation severity decreased in both groups, but because of more reduction in control group, the difference between two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). One month after treatment, the difference between two groups was insignificant (P=0.93). In both groups, the severity of constipation, one month after the intervention, increased again. In this time increasing in constipation severity was more in control than intervention group so the difference became significant again (P<0.001). The same pattern was observed in frequency of constipation. This study showed that Guggulu resin can be used as an alternative treatment in chronic functional constipation, although final approval requires further study. 

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Imran Waheed has completed his PhD (Pharmacognosy) at the age of 34 years from Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Karachi. He is the first Ph.D in Pharmacognosy ever in the history of Punjab Province, Pakistan. He is excelling his services as Associate Professor and Vice Principal at Akhtar Saeed College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pakistan (Affiliated with University of the Punjab, Pakistan). He has published more than 13 papers in reputed journals. 

Abstract:

Agaricus campestris (A.campestris) and Ballota limbata (B. limbata) have though been reported for a variety of pharmacological activities yet not investigated for analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities.Crude methanolic extract of A. campestris, in addition to crude extract and fractions of B. limbata were evaluated for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in mice. Four groups of mice were treated with doses (300mg/kg and 500mg/kg) of A. campestris and B. limbata, aspirin (300mg/kg) and vehicle (0.5% normal saline). Analgesic activity was determined by acetic acid-induced writhing and anti-inflammatory activity by 1% formalin in right hind paw of mice. Aspirin (300mg/kg) was used as control. Crude extract of A. campestris showed significant analgesic activity at dose of 300mg/kg (P < 0.05) and 500mg/kg (P < 0.01). Similarly, crude extract and fractions of B. limbata showed highly significant (P < 0.01) analgesic activity on administration of both doses. Crude extracts of A. campestris and B. limbata as well as the fractions of later demonstrated highly pronounced (P < 0.01) anti-inflammatory activity at doses of 300mg/kg and 500mg/kg when compared to aspirin. Hence it is concluded that the extracts of A. campestris and B. limbata and fractions of later possesses analgesic as well as anti-inflammatory action.

Speaker
Biography:

In 2009, he obtained his doctoral degree in Analytical Chemistry from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad and the University of Ulster Coleraine, UK (Split Program). Availing TWAS-USM Postdoc Fellowship, he completed his one year Post-doctorate research at the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia in 2012. Currently he is working as Associate Professor of Chemistry. He have so far supervising ten PhD, eight MPhil and twenty one MSc students and PI of one research projects funded by the Higher Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad, Pakistan. He has published more than 80 research papers in journals of international repute. 

Abstract:

Bitter apple (Citrullus colocynthis), a member of family Cucurbitaceae, is a high valued medicinal plant, distributed in many tropical and subtropical countries. Bitter apple fruits usually recognized based on their medicinal and nutritional properties especially in Asian countries. Bitter apple fruit has been valued as a nutritious fruit as it provides a good source of fatty acids, protein and minerals elements. As a rich source of functionally important bioactives and therapeutics such as polyphenols, triterpenes, sterols, and glycosides, the fruit has been widely used for the treatment of rheumatism, paronychia, ulcer, malaria, and cardiovascular and degenerative diseases in the native medicine system of Asia. A number of medicinal properties such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-diarrheal, anti-obesity, anti-ulcer, and anti-inflammatory have been ascribed to this fruit of high economic value. The aim of the present work is to present comprehensive information of the cultivation, nutritional and chemical composition, as well as medicinal and therapeutic properties of this multipurpose fruit, as one of the potential sources of bioactives for functional food and nutraceutical applications.